C program to generate pseudo-random numbers using rand and random function (Turbo C compiler only). As the random numbers are generated by an algorithm used in a function they are pseudo-random, this is the reason that word pseudo is used. Function rand() returns a pseudo-random number between 0 and RAND_MAX. RAND_MAX is a constant which is platform dependent and equals the maximum value returned by rand function.

## C programming code using rand

We use modulus operator in our program. If you evaluate a % b where a and b are integers then result will always be less than b for any set of values of a and b. For example

For a = 1243 and b = 100

a % b = 1243 % 100 = 43

For a = 99 and b = 100

a % b = 99 % 100 = 99

For a = 1000 and b = 100

a % b = 1000 % 100 = 0

In our program we print pseudo random numbers in range [0, 100]. So we calculate rand() % 100 which will return a number in [0, 99] so we add 1 to get the desired range.

#include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> int main() { int c, n; printf("Ten random numbers in [1,100]\n"); for (c = 1; c <= 10; c++) { n = rand() % 100 + 1; printf("%d\n", n); } return 0; }

If you rerun this program, you will get the same set of numbers. To get different numbers every time you can use: srand(unsigned int seed) function; here seed is an unsigned integer. So you will need a different value of seed every time you run the program for that you can use current time which will always be different so you will get a different set of numbers. By default, seed = 1 if you do not use srand function.

## C programming code using random function(Turbo C compiler only)

Function randomize is used to initialize random number generator. If you don't use it, then you will get same random numbers each time you run the program.

#include <stdio.h> #include <conio.h> #include <stdlib.h> int main() { int n, max, num, c; printf("Enter the number of random numbers you want\n"); scanf("%d", &n); printf("Enter the maximum value of random number\n"); scanf("%d", &max); printf("%d random numbers from 0 to %d are :-\n", n, max); randomize(); for (c = 1; c <= n; c++) { num = random(max); printf("%d\n",num); } getch(); return 0; }