You are here

Java programs

Java programming: Java program consists of instructions that will be executed on a machine to perform a task as an example say arrange given integers in ascending order. This page contains sample programs for beginners to understand how to use Java programming to write simple Java programs. These programs demonstrate how to get input from a user, working with loops, strings, and arrays. Programs are provided with the output (image file), and you can also download the class file and execute it directly without compiling the source file.

Compiling and executing Java programs

Java programming software: To compile and run Java program code you need to download JDK (Java Development Kit).

To compile type: javac where file_name is the name of the file containing Java source code.
Javac is the Java compiler which converts java code into bytecode.

To run type: java MainMethodClass where MainMethodClass is the name of the class which defines "main" method.

Learn Java through books

If you are just starting to learn Java then it is recommended to buy Java programming book. A Java book will help you to learn basic concepts easily and will act as a reference for all time.

Java programming examples

Example 1: Display message on computer screen.

class First {
  public static void main(String[] arguments) {
    System.out.println("Let's do something using Java technology.");

This is similar to a hello world Java program.
Download java programming class file.

Output of program:
Java program output

Example 2: Print integers

class Integers {
  public static void main(String[] arguments) {
    int c; //declaring a variable
  /* Using for loop to repeat instruction execution */
    for (c = 1; c <= 10; c++) {

10 natural numbers java program

If else control instructions:

class Condition {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    boolean learning = true;
    if (learning) {
      System.out.println("Java programmer");
    else {
      System.out.println("What are you doing here?");

If else java program

Command line arguments:

class Arguments {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    for (String t: args) {

Command line arguments

Java programming language

Below is the list of java programs which will help you in learn java programming language.

Java Development IDE

As your programming experience grows in Java you may be developing your own project or software, using a simple text editor isn't recommended. Following are two popular and open source IDE's:

Using IDE helps you a lot while coding as they offer many useful features such as you can create GUI in Netbeans without writing any code, Netbeans will show you any compilation error before you compile your code and it can also show hints on how to fix that.

Java programming tutorial

Java technology has changed our life as most of the devices we use today includes java that's why to learn java programming is a good thing. Java was developed by Sun Microsystems but now owned by Oracle. Here is a quick java tutorial for beginners, Java is an object-oriented computer programming like C++, if you already know C++ or any other object-oriented language, then it will be easier for you to learn java. Java program consists of classes which contain methods; you can't write a method outside of a class. Objects are instances of classes. Consider the following code:

class ProgrammingLanguage {
  String language_name;
  String language_type;
  ProgrammingLanguage(String n, String t) {
    language_name = n;
    language_type = t;
  //main method
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    //creating objects of class
    ProgrammingLanguage C = new ProgrammingLanguage("C", "Procedural");
    ProgrammingLanguage Cpp = new ProgrammingLanguage("C++", "Object oriented");
    //calling method    
  //method (function in C++ programming)
  void display() {
    System.out.println("Language name:" + language_name);
    System.out.println("Language type:" + language_type);

There is a ProgrammingLanguage class, and all programming languages will be instances of this class. We have considered only two attributes language name and type; we can create instances of the class using "new" keyword. There is a constructor method that is invoked when an object of a class is created we use it to name the programming language and its type. "Main" method is a must and acts as a starting point of a program, the "display" method is used to print information about programming language object. Class names in Java begin with a capital letter, and if there are more words in class then their first letter will also be capital. For example, MyJavaClass is a class name, and for methods (functions in C/C++) the first letter is small and in other words first letter is capital as an example myJava is method name. These are only conventions but are useful in distinguishing classes from methods. Java has a very rich API to build desktop and web applications.

Java programming PDF

If you like to learn using PDF books then try learning java from following e-books:
Java beginner's guide.
Introduction to programming using Java.