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String compare in C

How to compare strings in C? You can use do it using strcmp function, without strcmp function and using pointers. Function strcmp is case sensitive and returns 0 if both the strings are same.

C compare strings

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

int main()
{
   char a[100], b[100];

   printf("Enter a string\n");
   gets(a);

   printf("Enter a string\n");
   gets(b);

   if (strcmp(a,b) == 0)
      printf("The strings are equal.\n");
   else
      printf("The strings are not equal.\n");

   return 0;
}

Output of program:
Compare string C program output

Download Compare Strings program.

C string comparison program

We can create a function to compare two strings.

#include <stdio.h>

int compare_strings(char [], char []);
 
int main()
{
   char a[1000], b[1000];
 
   printf("Input a string\n");
   gets(a);
 
   printf("Input a string\n");
   gets(b);
 
   if (compare_strings(a, b) == 0)
      printf("Equal strings.\n");
   else
      printf("Unequal strings.\n");
 
   return 0;
}

int compare_strings(char a[], char b[])
{
   int c = 0;
 
   while (a[c] == b[c]) {
      if (a[c] == '\0' || b[c] == '\0')
         break;
      c++;
   }
   
   if (a[c] == '\0' && b[c] == '\0')
      return 0;
   else
      return -1;
}

C string comparison using pointers

We can make a function to check if two strings are similar or not by using character pointers.

#include<stdio.h>

int compare_string(char*, char*);

int main()
{
    char first[1000], second[1000]:
    int result;
   
    printf("Input a string\n");
    gets(first);
   
    printf("Input a string\n");
    gets(second);
   
    result = compare_string(first, second);
   
    if (result == 0)
       printf("The strings are same.\n");
    else
       printf("The strings are different.\n");
       
    return 0;
}

int compare_string(char *first, char *second) {
   while (*first == *second) {
      if (*first == '\0' || *second == '\0')
         break;
         
      first++;
      second++;
   }

   if (*first == '\0' && *second == '\0')
      return 0;
   else
      return -1;
}

String comparison is a part of pattern matching e.g. when you press Ctrl+F in a web browser or text editor to search for some text.

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