Java program for binary search

Java program for binary search: This code implements binary search algorithm. Please note input numbers must be in ascending order.

Java programming code

import java.util.Scanner;
 
class BinarySearch 
{
  public static void main(String args[])
  {
    int c, first, last, middle, n, search, array[];
 
    Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
    System.out.println("Enter number of elements");
    n = in.nextInt(); 
    array = new int[n];
 
    System.out.println("Enter " + n + " integers");
 
 
    for (c = 0; c < n; c++)
      array[c] = in.nextInt();
 
    System.out.println("Enter value to find");
    search = in.nextInt();
 
    first  = 0;
    last   = n - 1;
    middle = (first + last)/2;
 
    while( first <= last )
    {
      if ( array[middle] < search )
        first = middle + 1;    
      else if ( array[middle] == search ) 
      {
        System.out.println(search + " found at location " + (middle + 1) + ".");
        break;
      }
      else
         last = middle - 1;
 
      middle = (first + last)/2;
   }
   if ( first > last )
      System.out.println(search + " is not present in the list.\n");
  }
}

Download Binary Search Java program class file.

Output of program:
Binary Search Java program

Other methods of searching are Linear search and Hashing. There is a binarySearch method in Arrays class which can also be used.

import java.util.Arrays;
 
class BS 
{
  public static void main(String args[])
  {
    char characters[] = { 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e' };
 
    System.out.println(Arrays.binarySearch(characters, 'a'));
    System.out.println(Arrays.binarySearch(characters, 'p'));
  }
}

binarySearch method returns the location if a match occurs otherwise -(x+1) where x is the no. of elements in the array, For example in the second case above when p is not present in characters array the returned value will be -6.