C program to check odd or even: We will determine whether a number is odd or even by using different methods all are provided with a C language program. As you have studied in Mathematics that in decimal number system even numbers are divisible by 2 while odd numbers are not so we can use modulus operator(%) which returns remainder, For example, 4%3 gives 1 (remainder when four is divided by three). Even numbers are of the form 2*p and odd numbers are of the form (2*p+1) where p is is an integer.

## Odd or even program in C using modulus operator

#include <stdio.h> int main() { int n; printf("Enter an integer\n"); scanf("%d", &n); if (n%2 == 0) printf("Even\n"); else printf("Odd\n"); return 0; }

We can use bitwise AND (&) operator to check odd or even, as an example consider binary of 7 (0111) when we perform 7 & 1 the result will be one and you may observe that the least significant bit of every odd number is 1, so (odd_number & 1) will be one always and also (even_number & 1) is always zero.

## C program to find odd or even using bitwise operator

#include <stdio.h> int main() { int n; printf("Input an integer\n"); scanf("%d", &n); if (n & 1 == 1) printf("Odd\n"); else printf("Even\n"); return 0; }

## C program to check even or odd using conditional operator

#include <stdio.h> int main() { int n; printf("Input an integer\n"); scanf("%d", &n); n%2 == 0 ? printf("Even\n") : printf("Odd\n"); return 0; }

## C program to check odd or even without using bitwise or modulus operator

#include <stdio.h> int main() { int n; printf("Enter an integer\n"); scanf("%d", &n); if ((n/2)*2 == n) printf("Even\n"); else printf("Odd\n"); return 0; }

In C programming language when we divide two integers we get an integer result, for example, 7/3 = 2. So we can use it to find whether the number is odd or even. Consider an integer 'n' we can first divide it by 2 and then multiply it by 2, if the result is same as the original number then the number is even otherwise it is odd. For example, 11/2 = 5, 5*2 = 10 (which is not equal to eleven), now consider 12/2 = 6 and 6*2 = 12 (same as original number). These are some logics which you may use to determine if a number is odd or even.